Considering adult patients who experience postoperative nausea immediately after the surgery, two treatments are offered to cope with the problem, Zofran or other anti-emetic drugs given intravenously and aromatherapy (oil scent. 70 % isopropyl alcohol swab). Such particular comparison is selected in many reasons. Zofran or other anti-emetic drugs are used as a standard means for treating post-operative nausea. Aromatherapy is a cheaper way to cope with the problem compared to anti-emetic drug utilization. Utilizing standard Zofran or anti-emetic drugs, nurses have to participate in the procedure. Consequently, the cost of the procedure increases. Intravenous injections require professional help. It means that people are dependent on others. Therefore, it is one more factor, which may be a good reason for people to search for the alternative way in dealing with nausea.
However, there are more valid reasons to utilize aromatherapy as the means for dealing with post-operative nausea. The research conducted by Hunt, Dienemann, Norton, Hartley, Hudgens, Stern and Divine (2013) proves that aromatherapy is a very effective means for copying with the problem. The authors of the research also state that using aromatherapy for preventing postoperative nausea immediately after the surgery may reduce the costs of treatment. Moreover, the procedure with aromatherapy involvement does not require professional assistance, which means patients may easily deal with post-operative nausea without outside help. The similar research has been conducted by Hines, Steels, Chang and Gibbons (2012), who also prove the method effectiveness. Comparing isopropyl alcohol and saline placebo in aromatherapy technique while dealing with post-operative nausea the researchers conclude that isopropyl alcohol is more effective. It means that aromatherapy is effective when correctly implemented. However, the same research has not shown the effectiveness in comparison with the standard anti-emetic drug. As the study was conducted among 402 patients, its results cannot be generalized. One more research also confirmed the effectiveness of aromatherapy. Ferruggiari, Ragione, Rich and Lock (2012) have shown that aromatherapy is an effective measure in dealing with post-operative nausea in South America.
The research results obtained by Hunt, Dienemann, Norton, Hartley, Hudgens, Stern and Divine (2013), Hines, Steels, Chang, and Gibbons (2012), and Ferruggiari, Ragione, Rich and Lock (2012), a decision is made to compare and contrast the effectiveness of the use of standard Zofran or anti-emetic drugs given intravenously and aromatherapy. After the research supports the statement that aromatherapy is more effective than the standard anti-emetic drug, the changes in treating post-operative nausea immediately after the surgery among adult patients will be altered. The implementation of a new practice will allow to reduce the costs of treatment and to limit the number of professional nurses involved in the procedure after the operation.
In conclusion, the standard means for dealing with post-operative nausea require changes. The use of aromatherapy among adult patients in case of post-operative nausea immediately after the surgery is a good decision. The effectiveness of this method has already been proven in several studies (Hunt, Dienemann, Norton, Hartley, Hudgens, Stern & Divine 2013; Hines, Steels, Chang & Gibbons, 2012; Ferruggiari, Ragione, Rich & Lock, 2012). Current research will prove that the aromatherapy is more effective than standard means used in the hospital. It will allow to apply the research results in the hospital and to change the existing system of dealing with post-operative nausea immediately after the surgery. Applying the research to the selected population will give way to study the effect of aromatherapy on children, elderly people and pregnant women in the future.